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Introduction to Total Mesorectal Excision

Samir Delibegovic Abstract Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of mortality in the West, and rectal cancer accounts for about 25% of the colon cancers. The concept of total mesothelial excision (TME) was the most important event in surgery for rectal cancer of the last two decades, because even without a curative approach, it [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Introduction to Total Mesorectal Excision

Assessment of Pharmacological Responses to an Anti-diabetic Drug in a New Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Model

Yasutaka Murai, Takeshi Ohta, Hironobu Tadaki, Katsuhiro Miyajima, Masami Shinohara, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah, Takahisa Yamada Abstract Introduction: The number of diabetic patients has recently been increasing worldwide, and numerous anti-diabetic drugs have been developed to induce good glycemic control. In particular, metformin, which exhibits glucose-lowering effects by suppressing gluconeogenesis in the liver, is widely used as [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Assessment of Pharmacological Responses to an Anti-diabetic Drug in a New Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Model

Contribution of Arabic Medicine and Pharmacy to the Development of Health Care Protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Second Part

Izet Masic Abstract After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Contribution of Arabic Medicine and Pharmacy to the Development of Health Care Protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Second Part

Gender-related Histological Changes in the Thymus Gland After Pinealectomy and Short-term Melatonin Treatment in Rats

Irfan Susko, Selma Alicelebic, Esad Cosovic, Maida Sahinovic, Dina Kapic, Samra Custovic, Visnja Muzika Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pinealectomy and melatonin treatment on the rat thymus gland characteristics, taking into consideration possible gender differences. Materials and methods: Thirty adult Wistar rats of both sexes were divided [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Gender-related Histological Changes in the Thymus Gland After Pinealectomy and Short-term Melatonin Treatment in Rats

Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Cancer in Croatian and Bosnian Endemic Nephropathy Regions

Josip Samardzic, Sefik Hasukic Abstract Objectives: Endemic nephropathy (EN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial renal disease associated with increased incidence of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) occurring predominantly in geographically limited areas in villages along big Danube river. Based on results obtained by the research it is confirmed that aristolochic acid is causative agent of [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Cancer in Croatian and Bosnian Endemic Nephropathy Regions

Gigantic Thrombus of the Left Atrium in Mitral Stenosis

Enisa Hodzic, Nermir Granov Abstract Introduction: Excess dilatation of the left atrium >65 mm is known in the literature as gigantic atrium. This dilation is most commonly encountered in the mitral insufficiency of rheumatic etiology, but also in severe prolapses of the mitral valve, permanent atrial fibrillation, and at the left right shunt with cardiac [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Gigantic Thrombus of the Left Atrium in Mitral Stenosis

Affective and Cognitive Conditions are Stronger Predictors of Success with Community Reintegration than Gait and Balance Performance in Veterans with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Alex V. Libin, Debra Mathis, David Maron, Simin Bakhshi Abstract Introduction: Optimal community reintegration is an integral part of the clinical management of patients with mild traumatic brain injury. Background/Objective: We sought the contribution and inter-relation of such variables as balance, executive function, and affective regulation to the community [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Affective and Cognitive Conditions are Stronger Predictors of Success with Community Reintegration than Gait and Balance Performance in Veterans with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Hemodynamic Responses to Tracheal Intubation in Elderly Patients: Intravenous or Spray of Lidocaine versus Fentanyl

Alireza Jalali, Ebrahim Nasiri, Mohsen Khoramian, Masood Saghafinia, Hasan Siamian Abstract Introduction: Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation are known to increase sympathetic activity that may be detrimental to patients with preexisting ischaemic or hypertensive heart disease. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare of intravenous and oropharyngeal spray of lidocaine and high dose of [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Hemodynamic Responses to Tracheal Intubation in Elderly Patients: Intravenous or Spray of Lidocaine versus Fentanyl

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients

Khaled A. Alswat, Abdullah K. Alnemari, Ibrahim Alghamdi, Alhanouf Abdullah Almalki, Bandar Al-thomali, Talal Mahfouz Abstract Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is one of the most common syndromes that include a set of serious cardiovascular risk factors. MetS is highly prevalent in the high risk population and contributes to reduced lifespan. The primary goal of the [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients

Study of Echocardiographic Changes After Kidney Transplantation in End-stage Renal Disease Patients

Hamidreza Omrani, Alireza Rai, Zahra Daraei, Masoud Sadeghi Abstract Background: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of kidney transplantation on the cardiovascular status in ESRD patients. Methods: During 2012 to 2014 and in a cross-sectional study, 181 patients were randomly [...]

By | 2018-01-04T22:54:20+00:00 January 4th, 2018|6, 71|Comments Off on Study of Echocardiographic Changes After Kidney Transplantation in End-stage Renal Disease Patients